On June 20, 1951, Hoover expands the program by issuing a memo establishing a "uniform policy for the handling of the increasing number of reports and allegations concerning present and past employees of the United State Government who assertedly [sic] are sex deviates." The program was expanded to include non-government jobs.According to Athan Theoharis, "In 1951 he [Hoover] had unilaterally instituted a Sex Deviates program to purge alleged homosexuals from any position in the federal government, from the lowliest clerk to the more powerful position of White house aide." On May 27, 1953, Executive Order 10450 goes into effect. Civil Service Commission information from the Sex Deviates Program. Howard, a civil rights leader, surgeon, and wealthy entrepreneur in Mississippi who had criticized FBI inaction in solving recent murders of George W. It was to investigate and disrupt the activities of dissident political organizations within the United States, including both militant and non-violent organizations.The program is expanded further by this executive order by making all federal employment of homosexuals illegal. In 1977–1978, 300,000 pages, collected between 1930 to the mid-1970s, in the Sex Deviate Program were destroyed by FBI officals. Among its targets was the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a leading civil rights organization whose clergy leadership included the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., who is addressed in more detail below.During the 1950s and 1960s, FBI officials became increasingly concerned about the influence of civil rights leaders, whom they believed either had communist ties or were unduly influenced by communists or "fellow travellers." In 1956, for example, Hoover sent an open letter denouncing Dr. The FBI frequently investigated Martin Luther King, Jr.He was chiefly responsible for creating the Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, or the FBI Laboratory, which officially opened in 1932, as part of his work to professionalize investigations by the government.Hoover was substantially involved in most major cases and projects that the FBI handled during his tenure.Other activities of its early decades included a decisive role in reducing the scope and influence of the Ku Klux Klan.
The Bureau continued surveillance on Japanese Americans throughout the war, conducting background checks on applicants for resettlement outside camp, and entering the camps (usually without the permission of War Relocation Authority officials) and grooming informants to monitor dissidents and "troublemakers." After the war, the FBI was assigned to protect returning Japanese Americans from attacks by hostile white communities. Charles, the FBI's Sex Deviates Program began on April 10, 1950 when J. C., since 1947, on charges of "sexual irregularities".Despite its domestic focus, the FBI also maintains a significant international footprint, operating 60 Legal Attache (LEGAT) offices and 15 sub-offices in U. just as the CIA has a limited domestic function; these activities generally require coordination across government agencies. The FBI's main goal is to protect and defend the United States, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners.The FBI was established in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation, the BOI or BI for short. In 1896, the National Bureau of Criminal Identification was founded, which provided agencies across the country with information to identify known criminals.This effort confirmed the existence of Americans working in the United States for Soviet intelligence.The discovery of Soviet spies operating in the US allowed Hoover to pursue his longstanding obsession with the threat he perceived from the American Left, ranging from Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) union organizers to American liberals.
The Justice Department had been tasked with the regulation of interstate commerce since 1887, though it lacked the staff to do so.